Classical Guitar Construction
Think about this for a moment
Instruments similar to the modern guitar said to have been around for over 5000 years. That is, indeed, a long time. Surprisingly though, they kept the same overall look and sound over the years. Here are the different parts of the guitar, what each for, and what to look for.
First, the Classical Guitar basics:
It’s acoustic. The sound made from the string vibrating and amplified through the soundboard.
Usually has 6 strings
Typically they have nylon strings
48–54mm at the nut
Main Parts of the Classical Guitar
This the main part of the neck(the other being the headstock) that you hold on to. The six strings cover this long, wooden piece. It typically made in segments.
These are the nickel alloy or stainless steel strips embedded along the fretboard. Each fret determines a different pitch. Frets are usually the first permanent part to wear out on a heavily played guitar. They are available in several different gauges, depending on the type of guitar what you want.
This going to be the major determinant of the overall sound for your acoustic guitar.
Cedar soundboards tend to have a very open sound.
Soundboards of spruce tend to have more clarity and be open to more variation of sound.
Brazilian rosewood is a beautiful sounding tonewood but is scarce and its price has become very high.
Strings and Tuning
The most popular string length for classical guitars is 650 mm and usually sticking with nylon strings is best.
The typical tuning of the guitar is going to be, from the top down, the notes: E, B, G, D, A, E
Storing My Guitar
if you are very particular about your piece, try to store it in a place that has around 50% relative humidity.